Acronyms

 

AFS - Anti-Fouling Systems Convention

AHPA - Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act of 1974

AMRA - Antarctic Mineral Resources Act

APPS - Act to Prevent Pollution from Ships

ATBA - Area to be Avoided

BBNJ- Biological Diversity Beyond Areas of National Jurisdiction

BOEM - Bureau of Ocean Energy Management

CBD - Convention on Biological Diversity

CERCLA - Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (Superfund)

CZMA - Coastal Zone Management Act

DFG - Derelict Fishing Gear

DOALOS - UN Division of Ocean Affairs and Law of the Sea

DON - Department of the Navy

DOS - U.S. Department of State

DSHMRA - Deep Seabed Hard Mineral Resources Act

EBSA - Ecologically or Biologically Significant Area

EEZ - Exclusive Economic Zone

EIA - Environmental Impact Assessment

EO - Executive Order

ESA - Endangered Species Act

FAD - Fishery Aggregation Device

HSA - Historic Sites, Buildings, and Antiquities Act of 1935

ICCAT - International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas

IMO - International Maritime Organization

IOC - Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (promotes international cooperation in marine scientific research)

ISOM - International Research Ship Operators’ Meeting (informal annual meeting of managers of ocean research ship fleets for the purpose of discussing issues of mutual interest)

LOS - Law of the Sea Convention

MARPOL - International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships

MMPA - Marine Mammal Protection Act

MPRSA - Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972

MSA - Magnuson-Stevens Act

NAFTA - North American Free Trade Agreement

NAGPRA - Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act

NHPA - National Historic Preservation Act

NOS - National Ocean Service

NMS - National Marine Sanctuaries

OCSLA - Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act of 1953

OPA - Oil Pollution Act of 1990

PSM - Port States Measures Agreement to Combat IUU Fishing

PSSA - Particularly Sensitive Sea Area

RFMO - Regional Fisheries Management Organization

RHA - Rivers and Harbors Appropriation Act of 1899

SMCA - Sunken Military Craft Act of 2004

UCH - Underwater Cultural Heritage

UNCLOS - United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea

UNESCO - United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization

UNGA - United Nations General Assembly

UNOLS - University-National Oceanographic Laboratory System (organization of 62 academic institutions and National Laboratories involved in oceanographic research and joined for the purpose of coordinating oceanographic ships’ schedules and research facilities)

USCG - U.S. Coast Guard

VME - Vulnerable Marine Ecosystem

WTO - World Trade Organization