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OFFICE OF GENERAL COUNSEL PHOTO CREDITS

ENFORCEMENT SECTION INTERNATIONAL SECTION NATURAL RESOURCES SECTION

ENFORCEMENT SECTION PHOTO CREDITS

Home page

  • Enforcement Photo 1. A National Marine Fisheries Service observer checks the dimensions of a net and its catch. (Photo courtesy of NOAA, Alaska Fisheries Science Center, Marine Observer Program.)

Enforcement Section Offices

  • Enforcement Photo 2. A sea turtle entangled in a ghost net. (Photo courtesy of Doug Helton, NOAA/NOS/ORR/ERD.)
  • Enforcement Photo 3. A tuna seiner circling a school of tuna as seen from a spotter aircraft. (Photo courtesy of Craig Orange, Bureau of Commercial Fisheries, Sept. 1962.)

Procedural Regulations

  • Enforcement Photo 4. A marine mammal observer at work on the JOHN N. COBB. (Photo courtesty of Commander John Bortniak, NOAA Corps.)

PENALTY SCHEDULES

FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

  • Enforcement Photo 6. Tuna ensnared near the mouth of the fish trap. Depth 25 meters. This tuna weighed 270 kilograms (approximately 600 pounds.) (Courtesy of Danilo Cedrone, United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization, Italy, Favignana, Sicily, May 1999)

INTERNATIONAL SECTION PHOTO CREDITS

Home page

  • Photo 1. No photo at this time.

Acronyms

  • Photo 2. No photo at this time.

Antarctic Issues

  • Photo 3. Emperor penguin and scientist. (Photo courtesy of Michael Van Woert, NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 4. An iceberg in Gerlache Strait. (Photo courtesy of Rear Admiral Harley D. Nygren, NOAA Corps. (ret.); NOAA Photo Library.)

Arctic Issues and Arctic Shipping Issues

  • Photo 5. A young mother and her cub look curiously towards the Healy. (Photo courtesy of Kelley Elliott, NESDIS, NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 6. An orange boat accentuated by the blue water and bright white ice berg. (Photo courtesy of Rear Admiral Harley D. Nygren, NOAA Corps. (ret.); NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 78. Map of the Arctic. (Photo courtesy of Central Intelligence Agency World Fact Book.)

Biological Diversity and Related Issues

  • Photo 7. The diversity of fish and other reef organisms rival tropical rainforests. (Photo courtesy of B. Walden, OAR/National Undersea Research Program (NURP); Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 8. Reef scene with great diversity of coral species. (Photo courtesy of Julie Bedford, NOAA PA; NOAA Photo Library.)

Climate Change

  • Photo 9. Bow of the NOAA Ship RAINIER as seen through a hole in a melting ice berg. (Photo courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.)

Extraterritorial Application of Laws

  • Photo 10. No photos at this time

Fisheries

  • Photo 11. The basket load of fish is now directly over the hole that leads to the freezer compartments. (Photo courtesy of Jose Cort, NOAA Photo Library.)

Glossary

  • Photo 12. No photos at this time

Heritage: Natural and Cultural Resources

Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument.

  • Photo 43. A school of chub (Kyphosus sp.) and finger coral. (Photo courtesy of Claire Fackler, CINMS, NOAA; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 44. Kure Island. (Photo courtesy of Lieutenant Elizabeth Crapo, NOAA Corps; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 45. A slate pencil urchin (Heterocentrotus mammillatus). (Photo courtesy of Claire Fackler, CINMS, NOAA; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 46. Convict tang, known in Hawaii as manini (Acanthurus triostegus) and rice coral (Montipora flabellata). (Photo courtesy of Claire Fackler, CINMS, NOAA; NOAA Photo Library.)

Internships

  • Photo 14. No photo at this time

Law of the Sea

Marine Debris

  • Photo 16. Marine debris. Discarded tire on dead reef. (Photo courtesy of David Burdick; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 17. Brown boobies on marine debris. (Photo courtesy of Dr. Dwayne Meadows, NOAA/NMFS/OPR; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 18. Marine debris on Green Island, Kure Atoll. (Photo courtesy of Claire Fackler, CINMS, NOAA; NOAA Photo Library.)

Marine Mammals

  • Photo 19. A Weddell Seal at a breathing hole. (Photo courtesy of Michael Van Woert, NOAA NESDIS, ORA; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 20. Right whale flukes. (Photo courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 21. ALBATROSS IV transiting the Cape Cod Ship Canal. (Photo courtesy of Commander John Bortniak, NOAA Corps (ret.); NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 22. Underwater noise: Hawaiian monk seal, Monachus schauinslandi, NOAA Fisheries Acoustics Program

Marine Pollution

  • Photo 23. A dead fish floats on the surface after the April 7th Swanson Creek oil spill. (Photo courtesy of Mary Hollinger, NODC biologist, NOAA; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 24. Marine Pollution Prevention Act. (no photo)
  • Photo 25. International Convention. (no photo)
  • Photo 26. Marine debris. Plastic debris on a reef. (Photo courtesy of David Burdick; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 73. A dump site of partially burned waste with soda cans, a cloth bag and netting still in evidence. (Courtesy of Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary, NOAA Ocean Explorer).
  • Photo 79. Ratification Map for Cartagena Convention and Oil Spills Protocol. (Photo from United Nations, Caribbean Environment Programme web site.)

Marine Protected Areas

  • Photo 27. Tatoosh Lighthouse (Olympic Coast Sanctuary, Washington) from offshore. (Photo courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 28. Reef scene with fire coral (Millepora sp.) and mustard hill. 1990. (Photo courtesy of Thomas K. Gibson, Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 29. Special Area Designations. No photo.
  • Photo 30. Emission Control Areas. No photo.
  • Photo 31. The rocky intertidal zone. (Photo courtesy of Washington, Olympic Coast National Marine Sanctuary; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 32. Reef scene with school of bluestripe snapper (Lutjanus kasmira). (Photo courtesy of David Burdick; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 34. Humpback whales can leap clear out of the water. Megaptera novaeangliae. (Photo courtesy of J. Waite, OAR/National Undersea Research Program (NURP); National Marine Mammal Lab; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 71. Smaller fishes, such as filefishes and triggerfishes, reside in and among the brown Sargassum. (Photo courtesy of NOAA Ocean Explorer Gallery.)
  • Photo 72. Map credit: Adapted from National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) "My NASA Data."

Marine Scientific Research

  • Photo 35. Padilla Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Collecting marine organisms at low tide. (Photo courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.)

Maritime Zones and Boundaries

  • Photo 36. US EEZ limits from Global Perspective. (Photo courtesy of NOAA, Office of Coast Survey.)
  • Photo 69. Zones and Boundaries. (Photo courtesy of NOAA, Office of Coast Survey.)
  • Photo 70. Maritime Zones and Boundaries, including limits of territorial sea, continguous zone, EEZ and continental shelf. (Photo courtesy of NOAA Coastal Services Center.)

References

  • Photo 37. No photo at this time

Regulation of Ships

  • Photo 38. The Spanish tuna purse seiner F/V TXORI-EDER in the western Indian Ocean. Smaller vessel on the stern is secured to purse seine and when a school of tuna is encountered, the small boat is launched and it helps ship encircle it. (Photo courtesy of Jose Cort; NOAA Photo Library.)

Seabed Management

  • Photo 39. Healthy seagrass. (Photo courtesy of Paige Gill; NOAA Photo Library.)

Seabirds

  • Photo 40. Chinstrap penguin and chicks (closeup), Seal Island. (Photo courtesy of Lieutenant Philip Hall, NOAA Corps, NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 41. Two black-browed albatross fly with a flock of cape petrels across a classic, icy Antarctic seascape. (Photo courtesy of Malte Damerau, SWFSC Antartic Ecosystem Research Program.)
  • Photo 61. Seabirds (mostly northern fulmars) congregating around a commercial longline vessel. (Photo courtesy of National Marine Fisheries Service, Alaska Regional Office; Kim Dietrich, Washington Sea Grant.)
  • Photo 62. A commercial longline rack rigged with commercial gear ready to be baited on a commercial fishing vessel in the Gulf of Alaska. (Photo courtesy of David Csepp, Auke Bay Laboratory, NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 63. The NOAA ship Miller Freeman, a fisheries and oceanographic research vessel. (Photo courtesy of NOAA Marine Operations.)
  • Photo 64. A Laysan Albatross colony on Midway Atoll National Wildlife Refuge in Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument. (Photo courtesy of Andy Collins, Papahanaumokuakea Education Program Coordinator.) courtesy of Lieutenant Elizabeth Crapo, NOAA Corps, NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 65. Streamers on lines, a bycatch mitigation measure recommended in the International Plan of Action to Prevent the Bycatch of Seabirds (IPOA-Seabirds), protect seabirds from baited hooks. (Photo courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 66. A Laysan Albatross "sky-pointing" as part of its courtship display. (Photo courtesy of U.S. Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center.)
  • Photo 67. Black-browed albatross, Southern Ocean, Drake’s Passage area. (Photo courtesy of Lieutenant Elizabeth Crapo, NOAA Corps; NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 68. Adult short-tailed albatross and chick. (Photo courtesy of John Klavitter, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.)
  • Photo 80.Southern giant petrel, Southern Ocean, Drake’s Passage area. (Photo courtesy of Lieutenant Elizabeth Crapo, NOAA Corps, NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 81. Lightly mantled sooty albatross and chick. (Photo courtesy of Dr. Robert Ricker, NOAA/NOS/ORR, NOAA Photo Library.)

Sea Turtles

  • Photo 59. Green sea turtle. (Photo courtesy of Andy Bruckner, NOAA.)
  • Photo 60. Green sea turtle basking on Laniakea, Hawaii. Photo courtesy of Irene Kelly, NOAA.)

Seaward Limit of U.S. Laws

  • Photo 74. Coast Guard at-sea boarding. (Courtesy of Alaska Coast Guard.)
  • Photo 75. Endangered right whale and calf. (Courtesy of NOAA, Alaska Fisheries Science Center.)
  • Photo 76. Coral reef. (Courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.)
  • Photo 77. Ship Exhaust. (Courtesy of Environmental Protection Agency.)

Significant Issues and Developments

No photos at this time.

Survey and Charting

  • Photo 47. 3-D image from NOAA Exclusive Economic Zone Mapping Project. Basins on the Texas-Louisiana Slope. (Photo courtesy of Captain Albert E. Theberge, NOAA Corps (ret.); NOAA Photo Library.)

R.M.S. TITANIC

  • Photo 48. View of the bow of the RMS Titanic photographed in June 2004 by the ROV Hercules during an expedition returning to the shipwreck of the Titanic. Courtesy of NOAA/Institute for Exploration/University of Rhode Island (NOAA/IFE/URI).
  • Photo 49. Cover of "The Sinking of the TITANIC and Other Great Sea Disasters" edited by Logan Marshall, published 1912. Courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.
  • Photo 50. The nature of the injury sustained by the TITANIC. In: "The Sinking of the TITANIC...." Logan Marshall, 1912. P. 63. Courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.
  • Photo 51. View of the starboard railing near the bow of the Titanic photographed on June 1, 2004 by the ROV Hercules during an expedition returning to the shipwreck of the Titanic. Courtesy of NOAA/Institute for Exploration/University of Rhode Island (NOAA/IFE/URI).
  • Photo 52. Rusticle hanging from the stern section of the RMS Titanic showing secondary growths during maturation. Image courtesy of Lori Johnston, RMS Titanic Expedition 2003, NOAA-OE. Courtesy of NOAA Photo Library.
  • Photo 53. The lone telemotor (above), a steering mechanism that held the ship's wheel, is flanked by commemorative plaques and plastic flowers left by visitors in the years since the wreck was discovered in 1985. Photograph by the Institute for Exploration and the Institute for Archaeological Oceanography at the University of Rhode Island Graduate School of Oceanography.
  • Photo 54. View of the ROV Hercules investigating the stern of Titanic during a 2004 expedition, as photographed by its underwater partner, ROV Argus, both of which were deployed from the NOAA ship Ronald H. Brown. Photo courtesy of NOAA/Institute for Exploration/University of Rhode Island (NOAA/IFE/URI.)

Treaties

  • Photo 55. No photo at this time

Underwater Sound

  • Photo 56. Hawaiian monk seal - Monachus schauinslandi. (Photo courtesy of Dr. James P. McVey, NOAA Sea Grant Program; NOAA Photo Library.)

Vandalism/Negligent Destruction of Ocean and Coastal Observing Systems

"Buoy Vandalism Experienced by NOAA National Data Buoy Center," Chung-Chu Teng, Stephen Cucullu, Shannon McArthur, Craig Kohler, Bill Burnett, Landry Bernard. Proceedings of the Oceans 2009 MTS/IEEE Conference held in Biloxi, Mississippi on 26-29 October 2009.


NATURAL RESOURCE SECTION PHOTO CREDITS

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CONSENT DECREES

  • Natural Resources Photo 2. Rocks oiled by the spill. (Photo courtesy of J. Cubit, NOAA.)
  • Natural Resources Photo 3. Aerial view of USS Arizona Memorial Visitor Center, on the shoreline of East Loch, Pearl Harbor, Oahu, Hawaii, on May 14, 1996, 5:16 pm, showing oil on the surface water and shoreline of Pearl Harbor and mouth of Halawa Stream (Photo courtesy of TerraSystems, Inc.).
  • Natural Resources Photo 4. The federally- and state-listed threatened Pacific green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas)(=honu). (Photo courtesy of G. Siani©).

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